What are some of the major ethical issues in conducting research that affect the advanced registered nurse?
However, according to Fouka and Mantzorou (2011), the most cited ethical issues in conducting research for nurses deal with issues related to informed consent, respect for client confidentiality and privacy, and beneficence (p. 3) .
What are examples of ethical concerns?
5 common ethical issues in the workplace
What are the six moral theories?
Terms of this set (6)
What is Aristotle's moral theory?
Aristotle's moral theory, like Plato's, focuses on virtue, recommending the virtuous way of life because of its relationship to happiness. In the later books, the excellent activity of the soul is linked to the moral virtues and the virtue of "practical wisdom": excellence in thinking and deciding how to behave.
Both ethical approaches have also been used to support individual freedom, but again for different reasons. Consequentialists focus on the wealth and happiness that free markets and societies create, while deontologists emphasize the greater respect for the rights and dignity of people that freedom promotes.
Why is deontology bad?
Disadvantages: (1) There is no clear way to resolve moral duties when they conflict with each other; (2) consequential moral systems disguised in custom and law are known to produce the best consequences; (3) does not easily allow for gray areas because they are based on absolutes; (4) what homework…
Why is utilitarianism bad?
Perhaps the biggest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it ignores considerations of justice. We can imagine cases where a certain course of action would produce great benefits for society, but would be clearly unjust.
What is the weakness of consequentialism?
Consequentialism can struggle to compare different moral values. The other concern that people express is the tendency of consequentialism to use "the ends justify the means" logic. If the only thing we care about is achieving good results, this may seem like a justification for harming some people to benefit others.
What are the weak points of deontology?
weaknesses: non-flexible idea. every situation is different, so the categorical imperative doesn't work, if you say that lying is morally wrong, but a situation suggests that lying is morally better, you must lie. we like to look too much at the bottom line instead of the person and their morality.
Why is consequentialism important in health and social care?
The first ethical theory we will look at more closely is consequentialism. Consequentialism states that whether an action is right or wrong depends on the consequences it brings. Any consequentialist ethical theory must provide a justification for how we decide which consequences are good or bad.
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF UTILITARISM
What is the disadvantage of utilitarianism?
The one disadvantage that utilitarianism cannot escape is that it focuses on the outcome of a choice rather than the act itself. There is no moral judgment on the actual actions a person chooses to take. The only consequences occur if the outcome that happens does not maximize happiness in some way.
What is a good example of utilitarianism?
When individuals decide what to do for themselves, they consider only their own utility. For example, if you choose an ice cream for yourself, the utilitarian view is that you should choose the flavor that will give you the most pleasure.
What are the 3 principles of utilitarianism?
There are three principles that serve as the basic axioms of utilitarianism.
Does utilitarianism violate human rights?
The most basic utilitarian critique of human rights lies in the claim that resources are scarce in any society, and especially limited in some. This scarcity inevitably leads to utilitarian calculations to allocate these resources in ways that maximize the greater good.
What are the advantages of utilitarianism?
Pros of utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is a theory of morality, which advocates actions that promote happiness or pleasure and opposes actions that cause unhappiness or harm. Utilitarianism would say that an action is right if it results in the happiness of the greatest number of people in a society or group.
What are the two types of utilitarianism?
There are two types of utilitarians: government utilitarians and action utilitarians, and both strive to maximize the utility of actions for the good of humanity. They only differ in the way they approach this task.
📝 Essay description: This paper focuses on ethical issues in nursing research. It explains the basics of nursing research ethics, gives a list of the most d…